2021

Santa Lucia - Neurosciences and Rehabilitation Sapienza University of Rome

2021

Humans typically create and maintain social bonds through interactions that occur at close social distances. The interpersonal distance of at least 1 m recommended as a relevant measure for COVID-19…
Abstract concepts (ACs, e.g. ‘justice’) are more complex compared with concrete concepts (CCs) (e.g. ‘table’). Indeed, they do not possess a single object as a referent, they assemble quite heterogeneous…
Trends Cogn Sci. 2021 Mar 19;S1364-6613(21)00055-3. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2021.02.011

Beyond correlation versus causation: Multi-brain neuroscience needs explanation

Recent advances in brain sciences have enabled the co-recording of multiple interacting brains (i.e., hyperscanning). This technique has led to the discovery of inter-brain synchrony (IBS) between people involved in…
Behav Brain Sci. 2021 Feb 18;44:e21. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X20000473

Body ownership as a proxy for individual and social separation and connection

Lee and Schwartz procedures of separation offer a much needed interpretation of the literature on moral cleansing. However, body ownership as a grounded mechanism of separation and connection has been…
Studies indicate that social status influences people's social perceptions. Less information is available about whether induced social status influences dyadic coordination during motor interactions. To explore this issue, we designed…
The left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) has been implicated in the regulation of stress-related cognitive processes and physiological responses and is the principal target of noninvasive brain stimulation techniques applied…
Embodying an artificial agent through immersive virtual reality (IVR) may lead to feeling vicariously somatosensory stimuli on one's body which are in fact never delivered. To explore whether vicarious touch…
NPJ Parkinsons Dis. 2021 Mar 2;7(1):18. doi: 10.1038/s41531-021-00167-w

Human moral decision-making through the lens of Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the basal ganglia (BG) and thalamocortical circuitry. While defective motor control has long been considered…
The interpersonal distance kept by each individual plays a prominent role in daily social interactions and typically communicates implicitly human attitudes toward conspecifics. While it is held that men dyads…
Brain Sci. 2021 Feb 19;11(2):255. doi: 10.3390/brainsci11020255

Interpersonal motor interactions Shape multisensory representations of the peripersonal space

This perspective review focuses on the proposal that predictive multisensory integration occurring in one's peripersonal space (PPS) supports individuals' ability to efficiently interact with others, and that integrating sensorimotor signals…
Behav Brain Sci. 2021 Feb 18;44:e17. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X20000485

It's a matter of (executive) load: Separation as a load-dependent resetting procedure

Lee and Schwarz made considerable theoretical advances in the psychology of cleansing by proposing that cleaning actions might serve as separation procedures between two psychological entities. Here, we propose that…
Visual cues coming from the lower visual field (VF) play an important role in the visual guidance of upper and lower limb movements. A recently described region situated in the…
Synchronous interpersonal motor interactions require moment-to-moment predictions and proactive monitoring of the partner's actions. Neurophysiologically, this is highlighted by an enhancement of midfrontal theta activity. In the present study we…
Neuroimage. 2021 Sep 17;244:118581. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118581
During real-world locomotion, in order to be able to move along a path or avoid an obstacle, continuous changes in self-motion direction (i.e. heading) are needed. Control of heading changes…
During locomotion, leg movements define the direction of walking (forward or backward) and the path one is taking (straight or curved). These aspects of locomotion produce characteristic visual motion patterns…
Humans are unique in their ability to think about themselves and carry a more or less clear notion of who they are in their mind. Here we review recent evidence…
The vision of an art masterpiece is associated with brain arousal by neural processes occurring quite spontaneously in the viewer. This aesthetic experience may even elicit a response in the…
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2021 Jul 9;17470218211031557. doi: 10.1177/17470218211031557

Wearing same- and opposite-sex virtual bodies and seeing them caressed in intimate areas

Immersive virtual reality enables people to undergo the experience of owning an artificial body and vicariously feeling tactile stimuli delivered to it. However, it is currently unknown how such experiences…

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