2020

Santa Lucia - Neurosciences and Rehabilitation Sapienza University of Rome

2020

Anosognosia is a multifaceted syndrome characterized by a lack of awareness of motor, cognitive, or emotional deficits. While most studies have focused on basic motor disorders such as hemiplegia, only…
Neuropsychologia. 2020 Nov;148:107641. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107641. Epub 2020 Oct 13

Anosognosia for theory of mind deficits: a single case study and a review of the literature

Being aware of one's own ability to interact socially is crucial to everyday life. After a brain injury, patients may lose their capacity to understand others' intentions and beliefs, that…
J Hypertens . 2020 Aug;38(8):1420-1435. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000002427
Objective: Spontaneous or experimentally induced high blood pressure (BP) is associated with reduced pain perception, known as BP-related hypoalgesia. Despite its clinical implications, such as the interference with early detection…
Meditation has been integrated into different therapeutic interventions. To inform the evidence-based selection of specific meditation types it is crucial to understand the neural processes associated with different meditation practices.…
Front Psychol. 2020 May 19;11:836. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00836

Emotions, Alexithymia, and Emotion Regulation in Patients With Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic dermatological condition that is frequently associated with problematic patterns of emotional reactivity (the way in which patients react to stimuli), alexithymia (their ability to recognize and…
Neuropsychologia . 2020 Sep;146:107535. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.10753

ERP indices of an orientation-dependent recognition of the human body schema

While it is well-established that the face perception is orientation-dependent, less evidence has been provided on the effects of the orientation on the body schema processing and related attentive mechanisms.…
Allogeneic umbilical cord blood (UCB) donation is a pro-social behaviour directed to strangers that has a certain cost for the donor. Although the promotion of such behaviour is an important…
Hum Brain Mapp. 2020 Oct 15;41(15):4248-4263. doi: 10.1002/hbm.25123

Eyes wide shut: How visual cues affect brain patterns of simulated gait

In the last 20 years, motor imagery (MI) has been extensively used to train motor abilities in sport and in rehabilitation. However, MI procedures are not all alike as much…
Mol Autism. 2020 Oct 21;11(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s13229-020-00371-0

Face individual identity recognition: a potential endophenotype in autism

Background: Face individual identity recognition skill is heritable and independent of intellectual ability. Difficulties in face individual identity recognition are present in autistic individuals and their family members and are…
The Sense of Agency (SoA) is the experience of controlling one's movements and their external consequences. Accumulating evidence suggests that freedom to act enhances SoA, while prediction errors are known…
Neuropsychologia. 2020 Sep;146:107540. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107540

Immersive virtual reality reveals that visuo-proprioceptive discrepancy enlarges the hand-centred peripersonal space

Vision and proprioception, informing the system about the body position in space, seem crucial in defining the boundary of the peripersonal space (PPS). What happens to the PPS representation when…
Aim: Parkinson's Disease (PD) has been considered for a long time as a neurodegenerative disorder affecting mainly motor functions, because of the involvement of basal ganglia. Recent research has shown…
Research suggests that belief in conspiracy theories (CT) stems from basic psychological mechanisms and is linked to other belief systems (e.g., religious beliefs). While previous research has extensively examined individual…
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2020 Sep 10. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsaa125
Neurophysiological studies show that during tasks tapping cognitive control (like the Flanker task), midfrontal theta (MFϴ) oscillations are associated with conflict and error processing and neural top- down modulation of…
Discrepancies between sensory predictions and action outcome are at the base of error coding. However, these phenomena have mainly been studied focussing on individual performance. Here, we explored EEG responses…
Exp Brain Res. 2020 Jan;238(1):193-204. doi: 10.1007/s00221-019-05702-z

Modulation of preference for abstract stimuli following competence-based social status primes

In the present study, we measured whether competence-related high and low social status attributed to two unknown individuals affects participants' implicit reactivity to abstract stimuli associated to the identity of…
Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 12;10(1):9555. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-66151-1

Oculomotor behavior tracks the effect of ideological priming on deception

The decision to lie to another person involves a conflict between one's own and others' interest. Political ideology may foster self-promoting or self-transcending values and thus may balance or fuel…
Despite the growing interest on the effect of the social context on pain, whether and how different facets of interpersonal interactions modulate pain are still unclear. We tested whether personal…
One of the greatest challenges in providing early effective treatment in mood disorders is the early differential diagnosis between major depression (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). A remarkable need exists…
In the absence of target treatments or vaccination, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic can be impeded by effectively implementing containment measures and behaviors. This relies on individuals' adoption of protective behaviors, their…
Over the last decades, virtual reality (VR) emerged as a potential tool for developing new rehabilitation treatments in neurological patients. However, despite the increasing number of studies, a clear comprehension…
The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Aesthetics. 2020 Aug. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198824350.013.27

The Aesthetics of Action and Movement

The embodied simulation account proposed a pivotal role for the body of an observer in the aesthetic perception of artworks. Beginning with this consideration, this chapter briefly outlines evidence from…
The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS) was established to assess women's breast size dissatisfaction and breasted experiences from a cross-national perspective. A total of 18,541 women were recruited from 61…
Brain Topogr . 2020 Mar;33(2):238-254. doi: 10.1007/s10548-020-00760-x

The effect of expertise on kinesthetic motor imagery of complex actions

The ability to mentally simulate an action by recalling the body sensations relative to the real execution is referred to as kinesthetic motor imagery (MI). Frontal and parietal motor-related brain…
How does the brain allow us to interact with others? Social neuroscience has already provided some answers to these questions but has tended to treat high-level, cognitive interpretations of social…
Cognition. 2020 Sep 12;205:104446. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104446

Timing is everything: Dance aesthetics depend on the complexity of movement kinematics

What constitutes a beautiful action? Research into dance aesthetics has largely focussed on subjective features like familiarity with the observed movement, but has rarely studied objective features like speed or…
Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 25;10(1):5412. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-62394-0

Visual appearance of the virtual hand affects embodiment in the virtual hand illusion

Body ownership (the feeling that one's body belongs to oneself) is commonly studied with Rubber hand illusion (RHI) paradigm that allows inducing a temporary illusory feeling of ownership of a…
Frequency-specific tendon vibration (TV) elicits illusory kinesthetic sensations around the vibrated body parts. Studies indicate that vision plays a fundamental role in modulating such illusions. In our current study, we…

This website uses technical cookies and third party cookies. By closing this banner, scrolling this page or by clicking any of its elements you consent to the use of cookies. If you want to know more or refuse consent to all or some cookies, please see the Cookie Policy. TRADUCI IN ITALIANO